Primate city The dominant conurbation s of a country can benefit to a greater extent from the same things cities offer, making them magnets for not just the non-urban population, but also urban and suburban population from other cities.
During this period, urbanization spread out into the countryside and up into the sky, thanks to new methods of building taller buildings.
Having people concentrated into small areas accelerated economic activity, thereby producing more industrial growth. Industrialization and urbanization thus reinforced one another, augmenting the speed with which such growth would have otherwise occurred.
Industrialization and urbanization affected Americans everywhere, but especially in the Northeast and Midwest. Technological developments in construction, transportation, and illumination, all connected to industrialization, changed cities forever, most immediately those north of Washington, DC and east of Kansas City.
Cities themselves fostered new kinds of industrial activity on large and small scales. Cities were also the places where businessmen raised the capital needed to industrialize the rest of the United States. Later changes in production and transportation made urbanization less acute by making it possible for people to buy cars and live further away from downtown areas in new suburban areas after World War II ended.
Beforeindustrialization depended upon a prescribed division of labor—breaking most jobs up into smaller tasks, and assigning the same people to repeat one task indefinitely. Afterindustrialization depended much more on mechanization—the replacement of people with machines—to increase production and maximize profits.
The development of the modern electrical grid, starting in the early s, facilitated such technological advances. As a result, the total manufacturing output of the United States was twenty-eight times greater in than it was Adjust that number for the growth in population over the same period, and it still multiplied seven times over.
This trend was most apparent in large cities like New York, which expanded from approximately half a million to around 3. During the last half of the late 19th century, Chicago proved to be the fastest growing city in the world.
Bythat percentage had increased to The Census revealed that more Americans lived in cities than the countryside for the first time. Important regional differences existed in urbanization because of differences in the nature of industrial growth.
Following on a tradition of manufacturing from earlier in the century, New Bedford and Fall River, Massachusetts increased in size because of their cotton textile factories.
Other cities, like Elizabeth, New Jersey, grew as byproducts of the expansion of their larger neighbors. Chicago, the largest city in the Midwest, made its name processing natural resources from the Western frontier before those resources traveled eastward as finished products.
That activity would disperse again, after the turn of the 20th century, to other cities like Fort Worth and Kansas City. As a result, many advocates for outside investment in this region expanded their activities after the war.
They were somewhat successful. While the rate of industrialization and therefore urbanization picked up in the South during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it still has not fully caught up with the rest of the country.
After the turn of the 20th century, this region became an important center of activity for the textile industry, in large part because of the cheap, nonunion labor available there. What separates this period from earlier periods in urban and industrial history is that this was the first time in American history that cities had moved to the center of American life.
Cities were where most of the new factories got built. Cities were also places where the effects of industrialization, especially the increased inequality of wealth, were most visible.
That means that the problems of cities became the problems of America. The Electrical Grid and Improvements in Transportation One of the reasons that later industrialization progressed at such a greater pace than before was the improvement in power sources.
The early industrial revolution depended upon steam engines and waterpower.Causes of Urbanization in America: The rural populations were displaced by increasing agricultural efficiency prompting a move from rural areas to the towns and cities.
This led to the Great Migration of African Americans in WW1. Rural migrants searching for wage labor, whether in other rural areas, towns, cities, or abroad, remove themselves from the deforestation cycle (except as consumers) unless they join the very small fraction of laborers in the timber or cattle industry.
Urbanization=immigration, more jobs in cities, migration of people from the farms to the cities, a major population shift to cities, growth of slavery in the South due to increased ability to grow and process cotton due to the cotton gin, slave rebellions eventually.
Migration is the process of moving from one location within a nation to another location within that same nation. Major Factors for Immigration P ush - The forces that push - either through encouragement or force - people to immigrate.
Much of the growth in urban areas is driven by a combination of immigration from abroad and migration from small towns and rural areas, leaving Canada’s rural areas to shrink in both population and economic impact.
Cities in America date back to the beginning of the colonial period, but the tendency for new industrial factories to be located in or near urban areas meant that cities grew much faster during the late 19th century than ever before.