Economic growth has been used with other terms such as development, modernization, westernization and industrialization. It is, in other words, a transition from a simple, low-income economy to a modern, high- income economy. Its scope includes the process and policies by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people. Though it is often measured by rate of change of gross domestic product, it is generally understood in terms of increase in per capita income, and attainment of a standard of living equivalent to that of industrialized countries.
Sorokin said, "The ancient Chinese, Babylonian, Hindu, Greek, Roman, and most of the medieval thinkers supporting theories of rhythmical, cyclical or trendless movements of social processes were much nearer to reality than the present proponents of the linear view".
Therefore, Chinese proponents of modernization have looked to western models. According to Thompson, the late Qing dynasty reformer, Kang Youwei, believed he had found a model for reform and "modernisation" in the Ancient Chinese Classics.
The last two centuries were familiar with the myth of progress.
Our own century has adopted the myth of modernity. The one myth has replaced the other. Men ceased to believe in progress; but only to pin their faith to more tangible realities, whose sole original significance had been that they were the instruments of progress. This exaltation of the present The present is superior to the past, by definition, only in a mythology of progress.
Thus one retains the corollary while rejecting the principle. There is only one way of retaining a position of whose instability one is conscious.
One must simply refrain from thinking. World War IWorld War IIand the rise of totalitarianism demonstrated that progress was not automatic and that technological improvement did not necessarily guarantee democracy and moral advancement.
British historian Arnold J. Toynbee — felt that Christianity would help modern civilization overcome its challenges. Besides rejecting the lessons of the past, they Americanized the idea of progress by democratizing and vulgarizing it to include the welfare of the common man as a form of republicanism.
As Romantics deeply concerned with the past, collecting source materials and founding historical societies, the Founding Fathers were animated by clear principles. They saw man in control of his destiny, saw virtue as a distinguishing characteristic of a republic, and were concerned with happiness, progress, and prosperity.
Thomas Paine, combining the spirit of rationalism and romanticism, pictured a time when America's innocence would sound like a romance, and concluded that the fall of America could mark the end of 'the noblest work of human wisdom.
Bury wrote in It cannot be proved that the unknown destination towards which man is advancing is desirable. The movement may be Progress, or it may be in an undesirable direction and therefore not Progress The Progress of humanity belongs to the same order of ideas as Providence or personal immortality.
It is true or it is false, and like them it cannot be proved either true or false. Belief in it is an act of faith. In the postmodernist thought steadily gaining ground from the s, the grandiose claims of the modernizers are steadily eroded, and the very concept of social progress is again questioned and scrutinized.
In the new vision, radical modernizers like Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong appear as totalitarian despots, whose vision of social progress is held to be totally deformed.
Postmodernists question the validity of 19th century and 20th century notions of progress—both on the capitalist and the Marxist side of the spectrum.The Office of Records and Registration (also known as the Office of the Registrar) consists of a number of units responsible for a variety of duties.
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depends.
The desired result is a state of society where living conditions and resource use continue to meet human needs without undermining the. Progress is the idea that advances in technology, science, and social organization can produce an improvement in the human condition, and therefore that entire societies, and humanity in general, can improve in terms of their social, political, and economic yunusemremert.com may happen as a result of direct human action, as in social enterprise or through activism, or as a natural part of.
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Free Essay on Economic Growth and Sustainable Develop Sustainable development does not focus solely on environmental issues and it can be conceptually broken into three constituent parts: environmental sustainability, economic sustainability and sociopolitical sustainability.
If there is to be real progress toward development goals and.