Issues[ edit ] Statistics from the Chinese Health Ministry have revealed that urban Chinese boys age 6 are 2. A leading child-health researcher, Ji Chengyehas stated that, "China has entered the era of obesity. The speed of growth is shocking. Rapid motorization has drastically reduced levels of cycling and walking in China.
Print Overview Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that affects children and adolescents. Children who are obese are above the normal weight for their age and height.
Childhood obesity is particularly troubling because the extra pounds often start children on the path to health problems that were once considered adult problems — diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
Many obese children become obese adults, especially if one or both parents are obese. Childhood obesity can also lead to poor self-esteem and depression. One of the best strategies to reduce childhood obesity is to improve the eating and exercise habits of your entire family. Treating and preventing childhood obesity helps protect your child's health now and in the future.
Symptoms Not all children carrying extra pounds are overweight or obese. Some children have larger than average body frames.
And children normally carry different amounts of body fat at the various stages of development. So you might not know just by looking at your child if weight is a health concern. The body mass index BMIwhich provides a guideline of weight in relation to height, is the accepted measure of overweight and obesity.
Your child's doctor can help you figure out if your child's weight could pose health problems by using growth charts, the BMI and, if necessary, other tests.
When to see a doctor If you're worried that your child is putting on too much weight, talk to his or her doctor. Your child's doctor will consider your child's history of growth and development, your family's weight-for-height history, and where your child lands on the growth charts.
This can help determine if your child's weight is in an unhealthy range. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Causes Lifestyle issues — too little activity and too many calories from food and drinks — are the main contributors to childhood obesity.
But genetic and hormonal factors might play a role as well. For example, recent research has found that changes in digestive hormones can affect the signals that let you know you're full. Risk factors Many factors — usually working in combination — increase your child's risk of becoming overweight: Regularly eating high-calorie foods, such as fast foods, baked goods and vending machine snacks, can easily cause your child to gain weight.
Candy and desserts also can cause weight gain, and more and more evidence points to sugary drinks, including fruit juices, as culprits in obesity in some people.
Children who don't exercise much are more likely to gain weight because they don't burn as many calories. Too much time spent in sedentary activities, such as watching television or playing video games, also contributes to the problem.
If your child comes from a family of overweight people, he or she may be more likely to put on weight. This is especially true in an environment where high-calorie foods are always available and physical activity isn't encouraged.
Personal, parental and family stress can increase a child's risk of obesity. Some children overeat to cope with problems or to deal with emotions, such as stress, or to fight boredom.
Their parents may have similar tendencies. People in some communities have limited resources and limited access to supermarkets. As a result, they may opt for convenience foods that don't spoil quickly, such as frozen meals, crackers and cookies.
In addition, people who live in lower income neighborhoods might not have access to a safe place to exercise. Complications Childhood obesity can have complications for your child's physical, social and emotional well-being.
Physical complications Type 2 diabetes. This chronic condition affects the way your child's body uses sugar glucose. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.
This cluster of conditions can put your child at risk of heart disease, diabetes or other health problems.
Conditions include high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high triglycerides, low HDL "good" cholesterol and excess abdominal fat.Overweight and obesity are conditions caused by an increase in the size and amount of fat cells in the body. They cause problems like heart disease and diabetes.
Learn about causes, risk factors, screening and prevention, signs and symptoms, complications, diagnosis, and treatments for overweight and obesity, and how to participate in clinical trials.
A PhD in epidemiology allows you to examine public health trends, design and implement studies, and interpret study results for policy and program development, as well as examine and analyze significant public health problems, such as pandemics, cancer, obesity, and lifestyle.
Welcome to the homepage of the Program in Obesity Epidemiology and Prevention (Obesity Program) at the HSPH. This is an interdisciplinary concentration which includes three participating departments: Nutrition, Epidemiology, and Social and Behavioral Sciences.
This concentration is geared toward. This course is designed to provide an overview on epidemiology and the Internet for medical and health related students around the world based on the concept of Global Health Network University and Hypertext Comic Books. OBJECTIVES: The combined effects of obesity and appendicular skeletal muscle (ASM) on atherosclerosis, especially in middleaged populations, remain poorly understood.
Public Health for a Global Community New School of Public Health Building. Construction of our state-of-the-art School of Public Health building has been completed.