Indians and first settlers

In addition, the powerful Iroquois Confederacy began exerting its influence on the region.

Indians and first settlers

When the Europeans began their settlement of the New World, it was both complicated and aided by its indigenous inhabitants. The native people alternately became allies and enemies of the newly arrived settlers from Europe. These two totally dissimilar cultures were hurtling toward each other in a collision that could be the end for one of them.

Did either of them expect what was to come when the first Europeans came to America? What did the settlers expect of the Native Americans when they arrived? Surely there was a sense of dread among the arriving Europeans concerning these mysterious people who had warred with the early Spanish colonizers.

What did they think would happen? And conversely, what did the locals think of these strange intruders? There had been long animosity between France, England, and the Dutch. These were obstacles which would be difficult to overcome.

Indians and first settlers

The wild card in all this would be the native population who they knew little about. How would they be received? They had some hopes of trading with the natives.


The Europeans had a very mixed view of the Indian natives. On one hand, they were told that Indians could be gentle and receptive, helpful and eager to trade.

This may have been a true depiction, or the propaganda of the English government and trading companies which had a vested interest in promoting colonization; it was a very positive image and gave intended settlers hope that they would be welcome with open arms and helping hands.

They wanted to believe that they were heading to the Garden of Eden. However, there was an opposing image of these same Indians.

Whichever the case, Indians were often described in very unflattering terms. The English had an ace-in-the-hole that kept their courage up. They knew that they had the same level of technology and weaponry as the Spanish.

Therefore, they knew that if push came to shove, they could defeat the American natives in a fight, just as the Spanish had. Conquest was always in the back of their minds, as an alternative to peaceful integration.

English pessimism due to Spanish experience with the Indians was no doubt exacerbated when a Chesapeake Indian tribe ambushed the first arrivals making landfall. And the Indians surely felt the same, but they had their own motivations for contact.

Powhattan, leader of the powerful Algonquian tribe of Indians, was a proud and clever man. He saw the newcomers as a source of power. They had things of value, like guns and knives. Powhattan was in the process of consolidating his power in the region. He already controlled 25 bands of united warriors, and was looking for another advantage.

Weapons would be invaluable to him. To this end, he became a friend and benefactor to the new settlement.Even though the critical aid of Indians had saved the settlers in Virginia from extinction, conflict—rooted in both ideological and practical reasons—was a prevalent tone in the relations between Virginian settlers and Indians during the 17th century.

The American Indian Wars (or Indian Wars) is the collective name for the various armed conflicts fought by European governments and colonists, and later the United States government and American settlers, against various American Indian tribes.

These conflicts occurred within the United States and Canada from the time of the earliest colonial Date: – (intermittent). Early Settlers & Native Americans Early Settlers.

Indians and first settlers

March 14, – Town of Quincy was established. February 13, – The name was changed from Quincy to Putnam Valley. Mid s – Oscawana Lake House opened – the first summer resort in town. Native American Rights How native Americans rights have changed through the years since the settlers arrived.

When the Europeans first arrived in America in , the . Dec 02,  · Watch video · The settlement’s first fort and watchtower was built on what is now known as Burial Hill (the area contains the graves of Bradford and other original settlers).

The Indians living in the area where Jamestown was settled must have had mixed feelings about the arrival of the English in One of their first reactions was hostility based on their previous experience with Spanish explorers along their coastline.

They attacked one of the ships before the.

When the Native American Indians First Met the European Settlers | Owlcation