Menu 0 The HyperScope: The idea of actually writing a paper may seem exciting, but it can also lead to a fair amount of stress and anxiety. In an attempt to help reduce that anxiety, we asked a couple of well-established researchers, with many papers under their belt, to give us their top tips on getting published for the first time.
Fortunately, there are a few data on what happens when we make absolute judgments of stimuli that differ from one another in several ways. Let us look first at the results Klemmer and Frick  have reported for the absolute judgment of the position of a dot in a square.
Now the channel capacity seems to have increased to 4. Data from Klemmer and Frick  on the channel capacity for absolute judgments of the position of a dot in a square.
The position of a dot in a square is clearly a two-dimensional proposition.
Both its horizontal and its vertical position must be identified. Thus it seems natural to compare the 4. The point in the square requires two judgments of the interval Get a research paper published. If we have a capacity of 3. Adding the second independent dimension gives us an increase from 3.
When they asked people to identify both the saltiness and the sweetness of solutions containing various concentrations of salt and sucrose, they found that the channel capacity was 2.
Since the capacity for salt alone was 1.
As with spatial locations, the second dimension adds a little to the capacity but not as much as it conceivably might. A third example is provided by Pollack who asked listeners to judge both the loudness and the pitch of pure tones.
Since pitch gives 2. A fourth example can be drawn from the work of Halsey and Chapanis  on confusions among colors of equal luminance. Although they did not analyze their results in informational terms, they estimate that there are about 11 to 15 identifiable colors, or, in our terms, about 3.
Since these colors varied in both hue and saturation, it is probably correct to regard this as a two-dimensional judgment. If we compare this with Eriksen's 3. It is still a long way, however, from these two-dimensional examples to the multidimensional stimuli provided by faces, words, etc. To fill this gap we have only one experiment, an auditory study done by Pollack and Ficks .
They managed to get six different acoustic variables that they could change: Each one of these six variables could assume any one of five different values, so altogether there were 56, or 15, different tones that they could present.
The listeners made a separate rating for each one of these six dimensions.
Under these conditions the transmitted information was 7. Now we are beginning to get up into the range that ordinary experience would lead us to expect. Suppose that we plot these data, fragmentary as they are, and make a guess about how the channel capacity changes with the dimensionality of the stimuli.
The result is given in Fig. In a moment of considerable daring I sketched the dotted line to indicate roughly the trend that the data seemed to be taking.
The general form of the relation between channel capacity and the number of independently variable attributes of the stimuli. Clearly, the addition of independently variable attributes to the stimulus increases the channel capacity, but at a decreasing rate. It is interesting to note that the channel capacity is increased even when the several variables are not independent.
Eriksen  reports that, when size, brightness, and hue all vary together in perfect correlation, the transmitted information is 4. By confounding three attributes, Eriksen increased the dimensionality of the input without increasing the amount of input information; the result was an increase in channel capacity of about the amount that the dotted function in Fig.
The point seems to be that, as we add more variables to the display, we increase the total capacity, but we decrease the accuracy for any particular variable.
In other words, we can make relatively crude judgments of several things simultaneously. We might argue that in the course of evolution those organisms were most successful that were responsive to the widest range of stimulus energies in their environment.How to Write a Research Paper.
What is a research paper? A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings.
2. Prepare your paper for submission. Download our 'Get Published' quick guide', which outlines the essential steps in preparing a paper.(This is also available in Chinese).It is very important that you stick to the specific “Guide for .
Blogs, How-tos, & Research. Our new blog will still publish the same cutting-edge research, analysis, and commentary you expect from Rapid7. The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information by George A.
Miller originally published in The Psychological Review, , vol.
63, pp. (reproduced here, with the author's permission, by Stephen Malinowski) Belorussian translation. Bill McBeath speaks at XChain 2: Blockchain for Supply Chain and Logistics Forum. EFAIL describes vulnerabilities in the end-to-end encryption technologies OpenPGP and S/MIME that leak the plaintext of encrypted emails.
Email is a plaintext communication medium whose communication paths are partly protected by TLS ().For people in hostile environments (journalists, political activists, whistleblowers, ) who depend on the confidentiality of digital communication, this may.