Forensic Psychology Case Study: Jamie Bulgur Introduction The Jamie Bulger murder, which caused the media frenzy of concern in the system which Western
In order for a psychologist to practice as a forensic psychologist in the United States, it is preferable but not necessary that the individual be a state licensed psychologist and receive certification as a Diplomate in Forensic Psychology by the American Board of Forensic Psychology although the latter is less important to judges.
Ideally, the psychologist would have some years of postdoctoral experience in forensic psychology and have training and supervision in forensic psychology. However, practices vary from state to state and from jurisdiction to jurisdiction.
In the United States legal system, the ultimate authority is the judge and the judge may select whomever he or she sees fit to qualify as an expert.
In other countries, training and practitioner requirements vary. In the United Kingdom, for example, a person must obtain the Graduate Basis for Registration with the British Psychological Society—normally through an undergraduate degree.
This would be followed by Stages 1 academic and 2 supervised practice of the Diploma in Forensic Psychology which would normally take 3 years full-time and 4 years part-time. Assessment occurs via examination, research, supervised practice, and the submission of a portfolio showing expertise across a range of criminological and legal applications of psychology.
Professional opportunities[ edit ] There are numerous professional positions and employment possibilities for forensic psychologists.
They can be practiced at several different employment settings. Academic researcher[ edit ] Academic forensic psychologists engage in teaching, researching, training, and supervision of students, and other education-related activities.
While their main focus is research, it is not unusual for them to take on any of the other positions of forensic psychologists. These professionals may be employed at various settings, which include colleges and universities, research institutes, government or private agencies, and mental health agencies.
She has provided expert witness testimony for many cases. Consultant to law enforcement[ edit ] Forensic psychologists also assist with law enforcement. They work in collaboration with the police force or other law enforcement agencies.
Law enforcement psychologists are responsible for assisting law enforcement personnel.
They are frequently trained to help with crisis intervention, including post-trauma and suicide. Other duties of law enforcement psychologists include development of police training programs, stress management, personnel management, and referral of departmental personnel as well as their families for specialized treatment and counseling.
They serve both the role of an evaluator and a treatment provider to those who have been imprisoned or on parole or probation. Correctional psychologists may also take on the role of researcher or expert witness and frequently perform a wide range of psychological testing.
Evaluator[ edit ] These forensic psychologists take on the role of evaluating parties in criminal or civil cases on mental health issues related to their case. It is the obligation of the evaluator to inform the parties that everything in the session will be open to scrutiny in a forensic report or expert testimony.
They have a variety of employment settings, such as forensic and state psychiatric hospitals, mental health centers, and private practice. Evaluators usually have had training as clinical psychologists.
They possess specialized knowledge about the topic.
Expert witnesses are called upon to testify on matters of mental health clinical expertise or other areas of expertise such as social, experimental, cognitive, or developmental.
Clinical forensic psychologists evaluate a defendant and are then called upon as expert witnesses to testify on the mental state of the defendant. But regardless of who calls in the expert, it is the judge who determines the acceptability of the expert witness.
They must decide between loyalty to their field of expertise or to the outcome of the case. In criminal proceedings, treatment providers may be asked to provide psychological interventions to individuals who require treatment for the restoration of competency, after having been determined by the courts as incompetent to stand trial.
They may also provide treatment to individuals who have suffered psychological injuries due to some kind of trauma.herence to professional ethics codes and the forensic specialty guidelines can be used as evidence of a professional commitment to a standard of care, in the event one’s opinion is challenged.
Forensic psychology is the branch of psychology that applies to the gathering, scrutinizing and interpreting of information for legal purposes.
It is most often used by psychologists in hospitals and psychiatric services and those who work in law enforcement and correctional fields.
The M.A. Forensic Psychology: Non-Licensure Track and Master of Legal Studies program has a joint Capstone Project—a requirement for all dual-degree students. Designed to emphasize the student’s academic interests, the project should represent scholarship in the student’s academic field of study.
The previous version of the Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists (Committee on Ethical Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists, ) was approved by the American Psychology-Law Society, Division 41 of the American Psychological Association, and the American Academy of Forensic Psychology in herence to professional ethics codes and the forensic specialty guidelines can be used as evidence of a professional commitment to a standard of care, in the event one’s opinion is challenged.
ETHICS: CASE STUDIES 2 Continuing Psychology Education Inc. INTRODUCTION. The ethical considerations of therapists are becoming greater in number and complexity.