Discuss the traditional place of women

In Judaism, G-d is neither male nor female The Talmud says both good and bad things about women Women are not required to perform certain commandments Certain commandments are reserved specifically for women The first of the month is a minor festival for women Men and women sit separately in traditional synagogues The idea of Lilith as a feminist hero is based on a questionable source The role of women in traditional Judaism has been grossly misrepresented and misunderstood. The position of women is not nearly as lowly as many modern people think; in fact, the position of women in halakhah Jewish Law that dates back to the biblical period is in many ways better than the position of women under American civil law as recently as a century ago. Many of the important feminist leaders of the 20th century Gloria Steinem, for example, and Betty Friedan are Jewish women, and some commentators have suggested that this is no coincidence:

Discuss the traditional place of women

From the earliest time of their life Papua New Guinean women specifically those of the Papua New Guinean Highlands are subject to suppression, exploitation and malapropism at the hands of the dominant males.

From the position as a sexual object to their role as the primary animal farmer, women are little more than a subservient to male desire Brown Traditionally their life as a vassal begins from the moment that they are born, being perceived as dirty.

This is reinforced when a girl reaches puberty which is sometimes after their arranged marriage Herdt Throughout their lives they are subjugated into manual labour through the day, and at night a sexual slave to their husband.

This treatment has only recently begun to change through the continuing influence that Western societal values are having on these once remote Papua New Guinean communities.

In Papua New Guinea there is no "one common people", as they are traditionally tribal; the fact that over eight hundred different languages are spoken in Papua New Guinea Ethnologue illustrates this.

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It is due to this that it is impossible to speak in general terms about "women in Papua New Guinea", as it would misrepresent a significant proportion of the Papua New Guinean populus.

Owing to this, this essay will primarily discusses groups within the New Guinea Highlands as they are the most studied, most enlightening and arguably the most interesting assemblage within the countries vast array of societies.

Discuss the traditional place of women

The Papua New Guinean Highlands are a male dominated society, thus in order to properly discuss the traditional place of women, it is necessary to assess the position of men, and their influence on women.

In certain tribes of the Papua New Guinean Highlands such as the Nama cult and the Simbu society males are put through an initiation in order to successfully make the transition from what the people perceive as to being an asexual boy to becoming a strong, fighting man ReadBrown This process spanning from age five into the early twenties espouses sexual discrimination and the importance of male dominance over females.

Judaism The Role of Women

The whole process is aimed to "remove" any female "contamination" left in a child from his birth from his mother. At age 5, male children are taken from their mothers and from contact with females for a period of time.

The girls are segregated from the members of the opposite sex, told that they are not allowed to participate, or even know what their male counterparts are practicing.

Through the commencement of the initiation, the male youth are immediately taught to treat females with distain; Read observes: From ages ten to fifteen the initiation rituals become violent and painful for the boys involved.

Continual beatings and forced sexual tasks are again attributed to the need to cleanse the body of female impurities ReadHerdt Because women are seen as the cause of the pain the boys suffer, again a further antipathy is encouraged towards women.

It is at the same age that a woman is selected to be married to a male. She has no say in the arrangement as it is the older males who make the selection.

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According to Read the practice of young men of the Nama tribe is to "shoot an arrow into the thighs of their future wives"pg. The role of the wife bestows many responsibilities and expectations. Women are obligated to undertaking "[a] disproportionate share of both the drudgery and heavy work entailed in daily life" Readpg.

They are the primary carers of pigs, animals that represent the wealth of their male counterparts, and have no say in what is to eventually happen to the pigs, be they given away, kept or killed.

They are also the predominant farmers of vegetables, such as the prolific sweet potato, and are responsible for most domestic work Strathern Due to the aforementioned aversion to blood of the men, women are forced into during the menstruation period BrownHerdt Touching of food, animals or men is strictly forbidden, and women usually stay in a small pen away from the house for the few days of their menstruation periods.process traditional African education was relegated to the margins, being associated with rural people who lost their socio-economic power with the onset of western values.

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Traditional Gender Roles Create Feminine Women

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Discuss the traditional place of women in Papua New Guinea society and the changes taking place in contemporary Papua New Guinea. From the earliest time of their life Papua New Guinean women (specifically those of the Papua New Guinean Highlands) are subject to suppression, exploitation and malapropism at the hands of the dominant males.

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