Estimates of incidence in the general population, as contrasted with the working population, are unreliable because more than 80 percent of the adult population in the United States is in the workforce.
The risks for athletes to become injured are high, especially in contact sports such as Rugby and American football Carson The ability of an athlete to recover from these injuries is vitally important, as often their career is at stake.
For more serious injuries the recovery and rehabilitation time can be long and cause much distress for the athlete. The psychological factors of the athlete can be attributed to the overall success of their rehabilitation and their likelihood to adhere to a prescribed program.
Niven The adherence to a rehabilitation program is governed by two factors: The emotional factors affecting the athlete for example: The situational factors affecting the athlete such as: Social support, rehabilitation environment, rehabilitation scheduling, athlete-practitioner relationship.
Levy Social support and assistance for athletes in rehabilitation may come from a variety of places such as teammates, coaches and medical staff. This support may act as a preventative tool for the stresses associated with injury recovery and rehabilitation.
Podlog Coaches can provide several types of support informational, emotional, and practical at different points in the recovery period.
For example, emotional support is most important at the beginning of rehabilitation period as athletes are accepting severity of their injury. At the end of rehabilitation, informational support is the most important in ensuring that athletes do not return to sport too early. Podlog Coping strategies can be separated into three distinct categories: Problem-focused coping relates to concentrated efforts to manage a stressful situation, emotion-focused coping is aimed at controlling and suppressing emotional reactions, and avoidance coping is avoiding the situation with activities or cognitive changes through distraction or social diversion.
CarsonAlbinson The likelihood of the adherence of athletes to their rehabilitation program can also be explained via theories. These theories are often disputed and contested, however many studies have proved that generally they are accurate.
LevyJeansonneCarson The Personal Investment Theory considers that three factors are critical to determining motivation toward rehabilitation: Athletes with high levels of these variables were more likely to attend rehabilitation sessions.
LevyJeansonne Protection Motivation Theory suggests that motivation toward self-protection is the result of an apparent threat of re-injury and the wish to avoid the negative result of not completing a rehabilitation program.
PMT concepts relate to 1 the severity of the injury, 2 the probability of occurrence of re-injury, 3 the efficacy of the recommended coping response, and 4 self-efficacy. LevyJeansonne Cognitive appraisal models consider rehabilitation adherence to be influenced by cognitive e.
CarsonLevy As such, cognitive appraisal models of stress and coping help to account for individual differences in the response, recovery, and return to sport from injury. For example, athletes who make positive appraisals about their return to sport e. Inversely, negative appraisals regarding the return to sport e.
Jackson Wright References Clement, D. Coach strategies for addressing psychosocial challenges during the return to sport from injury. Journal Of Sports Sciences, 28 11 Psychology and socioculture affect injury risk, response, and recovery in high-intensity athletes: Rehabilitation Adherence in Sport Injury: Journal Of Sport Rehabilitation, 16 2What this paper adds.
Little is known about how health risk factors (HRFs) are related to the frequency and cost of the occupational injuries, illnesses and fatalities that result in .
to address the relationship between psychosocial factors and stress on athletes and their impact on injury outcome, and also, to examine the extended role of personality and the prediction and prevention of athletic injury.
Statistically speaking, psychosocial factors were, on average, as important in predicting pain interference and mental health outcomes as was severity (i.e., the pain intensity) of the pain problem. In particular, negative/maladaptive coping strategies and beliefs appear to be critical targets in decreasing suffering associated with SCI pain.
In a review by Kelly on psychological risk factors and sports injuries, 11 different psychological risk factors for sports injuries are mentioned, such as positive or negative life-change, type “A” behavior, trait anxiety, high levels of depression, etc.
Increased participation in sports is associated with increased related injuries. This study was conducted to identify the emotional responses of athletes to injury and to determine which responses might interfere with rehabilitation and necessitate psychologic or psychiatric intervention.
Sports injuries occur against a complex backdrop that includes the athlete's level of ability, the athlete's experience in the sport, general health and fitness history, and the athlete's desire to .