What was the theory of Darwinism? Spencer wrote, "This survival of the fittest, which I have here sought to express in mechanical terms is what Mr. Social Darwinism developed in Great Britain and America during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
It claimed that the success one achieves in society and the wealth attained, is determined by ones genetic background. This was therefore a natural way of nature weeding out the genes from the population — destined for extinction.
It provided a justification for the more exploitative forms of business practices which was supported by theories of laissez-faire economics.
A system where workers were underpaid and overworked.
This includes, regulating the economy or helping the weaker less fortunate people in society. This therefore created a great gap between wealth and poverty.
Social Darwinism also claimed that some races or nations are more fit for survival than others and are therefore designed by nature to dominate inferior races or nations. This misguided application of science was used to promote social and political agendas, not intended by Darwin himself.
Hitler used these ideas and incorporated them into Nazism. The Nazis used this scientific justification to murder millions of Jews in World War II the Holocaust as a way of cleaning out the inferior genetics.
Others have also used this misguided and dangerous social theory to carry out serious crime and evil on their fellow human. Colonialism was also seen as being natural as away of life.
This was marked by the exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one because they saw others natives as being weaker and unfit to survive. This concept was improperly deduced by British philosopher and sociologist, Herbert Spencer which became popular in the late nineteenth century in Europe and the United States to the end of World War II.
Spencer adapted Darwinian ideas to his own ethical theories to explain why individuals or groups of peoples were at the top economically, socially or politically — and less fit to fail and die. Thus these other cultures were seen destined to be ruled over by this superior race.
Hence, Social Darwinism is a sociological theory that attempts to extend natural processes into human social structures whereby applying the theory of natural selection to social, political, and economic issues to justify imperialism, racism, and exploitative forms of capitalism.
Thus, Social Darwinism theory has been proven to be abominable, phony and dangerous.May 16, · Social Darwinism was a major force in the political, economic, and social landscape of the nineteenth and early twentieth century, but it represents something of a conundrum for the historian attempting to determine whether or not the wealthy industrialists who were proponents of Social Darwinism actually practiced what they preached.
In this second instalment of his three-part series on the controversial race question, Dr Chales Quist-Adade looks at the role Social Darwinism, Eugenics and the Church played in promoting racism.
Part One (NA, Dec) ended on the positive note that all humans, of whatever "race" belong to the same gene pool. Social Darwinism and its use to Justify Business Practices of the 19th and 20th century.
Thesis: The need for a justification of enormous wealth of a few and an unimaginable poverty of millions was, as many tend to believe, fulfilled by the emergence of a theory called Social Darwinism, whi.
Social Darwinism originated in Britain during the second half of the 19th century. Darwin did not address human evolution in his most famous study, On the Origin of Species (), which focused on the evolution of plants and animals.
social institution: the organized, usual, or standard ways by which society meets its basic needs, social institutions include the family, religion, education, economics, medicine, politics, law, science, the military and the mass media, by weaving the fabric of society, the social institutions set the context for your behavior and orientations.
In its popular period of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, social Darwinism, Although the popularity of social Darwinism waned in the 20th century, Sociologists sought to enhance their status as scientists by pursuing empirical research and by conducting qualitative analysis of significant social problems.