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Jewish Political Studies Review It has been fostered in a great variety of ways by so many, for such a long time, in all European countries that one might consider this form of hate and discrimination as inherent to European culture and a part of European "values.
The European Union's attitude toward anti-Semitism is double-handed. Through its discriminatory declarations and votes in international bodies the EU acts as an arsonist, fanning the flames of anti-Semitism in its anti-Israeli disguise.
Simultaneously it also serves as fireman, trying to quench the flames of classic religious and ethnic anti-Semitism. France is paradigmatic of this approach. Although European anti-Semitism cannot be eradicated, certain steps can be taken to mitigate it.
This requires a major change in discriminatory EU policies toward Israel.
In the meantime there are increasing indications that the European battle against anti-Semitism may be used, to the contrary, to facilitate attacks on Israel.
The widespread resurgence of European anti-Semitism after the Holocaust suggests it is inherent in European culture and values. This does not imply that all or most Europeans are anti-Semites. In a similar manner, a significant number of Europeans like ballet, while many others find it boring, decadent, or disgusting.
Yet dancing is part of European culture and has been practiced as a performing art for a long time. It originated in Europe, developed over many years, and is widely taught as well as frequently discussed by the cultural elite and shown in the major media.
European anti-Semitism can be said to have similar characteristics. That many Europeans condemn, dislike, or are indifferent to anti-Semitism does not contradict its role in European culture, as statements of European politicians, the mainstream media, and leading intellectuals prove.
Also, various types of anti-Semitic sentiments are expressed in polls. The statistics would probably reveal that the number of European anti-Semites far exceeds those who like ballet. A phenomenon that develops intensely in an entire continent over a period of many centuries becomes deeply embedded in the societal mindset and behavior.
The anti-Semitic wave of the past few years seems to prove that it is impossible to eradicate such a deep-seated irrational attitude.
Let me state the point as simply as I can: What more could have been done?
Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. The Periphery of Francia: Outremer. Kings of Jerusalem and Cyprus, Counts of Edessa, Princes of Antioch, Counts of Tripoli, Kings of Thessalonica, Dukes of Athens, Princes of Achaea, and the Grand Masters of the Military Monastic Orders. Directed by Doron Paz, Yoav Paz. With Yael Grobglas, Yon Tumarkin, Danielle Jadelyn, Tom Graziani. When a couple of American young adults fly to Israel to visit the city of Jerusalem.
What more could and can we do to fight anti-Semitism? He asserted that when civilizations clash, Jews die.
In his view, in certain European circles, revenge is being taken against the Jews because "nobody will ever forgive the Jews for the Holocaust. He added that what should have been learned from the Holocaust is: It appears in waves, which may, but do not necessarily, correspond to developments in the Israeli-Arab conflict, with each wave being higher than the previous one.
A Millennium of Violence The beginning of violent European anti-Semitism is often traced to the Crusades at the end of the eleventh century. Others claim it commenced in with organized mass murders of Jews in France, followed by massacres in areas that are now part of Germany. The ethnic or "racist" variant of political Jew-hatred began in the late 19th century in Germany.
At that time the term anti-Semitism first appeared. Fed also by the religious variety, this culminated in the genocide of the Holocaust. In the immediate postwar period, democratic societies such as Norway, the Netherlands, and others discriminated in various ways against the Jews in many domains.
Norwegian historian Bjarte Bruland, who played a key role in the national restitution negotiations of the mids, says that among the survivors of the small prewar Norwegian Jewish community there were many "stateless Jews who had fled to Sweden, some of whom had lived in Norway for as long as 50 years, prior to the war.
The Norwegian government initially refused to allow them to return to the country, a position which only later changed. The Netherlands provides one of many examples, including in regard to Anne Frank's memory.
Twentieth-century Europe was a continent where a war criminal or a mass murderer had a better chance to survive than a Jewish child.
The reason for this was twofold: Many classic anti-Semitic prejudices are currently widespread in European society, while new ones are developing rapidly.Video: The Year Siege of Jerusalem (66 – 70 AD) January 3, November 14, Adam Maarschalk Leave a comment I recently became aware of an hour-long video on YouTube, depicting Rome’s year advance on Jerusalem resulting in .
"After Rain" by William Trevor Trevor was born (in ) and brought up in rural Ireland but has lived in Devon, England since the s. Although he has written novels, he is best known for his short stories and he is widely regarded as one of the greatest contemporary .
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This, under pressure from the north, (stated simplistically, to be sure), the Franks headed a campaign against the Levant and, in , laid siege to Jerusalem. Mind you, Jerusalem had originally been, more or less, the main center of the Jewish monotheistic culture.
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The Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE: The History and Legacy of Rome's Destruction of Jerusalem and the Second Temple is very interesting and quite confusing in .