The "Decline" of U. There are still lots of uncertainties whether the U. The United States was the creator of the depression.
The Viking raiders came from the North. Traders from Scandinavia also settled. They became the rulers of Rus, the city-principality of Kiev and forerunner of the Russian state. The other part of Russia has Asian roots. The Mongols, [Tartars] conquered Moscow in and Kiev inand ruled with despotism, invaders unstoppable, making Russians their slaves.
Russian blood is a mixture of Slavic, Finnish, and Tatar. Kievan Rus had converted to Orthodox Christianity in When Moscow liberated itself from the Tartar yoke inthe modern Russian state was born. Distant from Europe, the new state was cut off from Constantinople which in had A historical comparison on two documents to the Muslim Ottoman Turks.
The Russian Orthodox Church, isolated from the rest of Christianity, developed independently as a national church. Russia regarded itself as the third and Last Rome, successor to Rome and Constantinople, the two capitals of the Roman Empire which had fallen to barbarians and infidels.
It's mission as the new center of Christianity was to unite the people of the East and West. The rulers of Russia began to use the title tsar, derived from Caesar. Remote from the West, Russia experienced none of the major developments which shaped modern Europe.
The Renaissance happened in the West, with its revival of classical influence and the flowering of the arts, development of modern agriculture and commerce, the scientific revolution, economic liberalism and recognition of individual rights, the beginnings of political liberty, and the growth of a strong middle class.
In the West, the middle class was in the forefront of reform. Russia's failure to develop a strong middle class delayed reform. Russia remained a vast, backward, largely agriculture empire, regimented and ruled by an autocratic dynasty with a holy mission to defend its faith against the barbarians of the East and the heresies and pluralism of the West.
Thus, to remote Russia, many things "Western" have come late - manufacturing, higher education, science, etc.
The Cold North Living for centuries in a very harsh climate explains the Russians' strength, their ability to endure extreme hardship, and their bleak outlook on life. It also explains their patience and submission. Climate has also contributed to a cautiousness they exhibit.
Distance and Isolation Russia is a great distance from other centers of civilizations; for example, 3, miles from Paris, a month's journey before railroads. It has only limited access to the sea, deterring development of a mercantile tradition.
Geography also has made Russia vulnerable to wars, due to her lengthy borders which had no natural defenses. The Russian people see Russian expansion as a consequence of victories over foreign invaders. America's commercial experience and Russia's lack of a mercantile tradition have given the two countries different world outlooks.
Commerce is by its very nature conducive to compromise. Nations raised on it instinctively seek a common ground for agreement, that exact point at which the other side might be prepared to make a deal. Compromise is native to America, but not to Russia.
The oceans, moreover, have been bridges to America for cultures and ideas. The new has been welcomed in America; the old has been revered in Russia. Communalism Communal spirit and togetherness distinguishes Russians from Westerners.
Individualism and competitiveness are more common in the West; they are esteemed characteristics. Russia has a history of the agricultural village commune, with the land held in common and decision-making determined by the assembly of heads of households.
The objective was to find the collective will, which after discussion and opposition ceased, a consensus evolved which became binding on all households. This system endured until when it was brutally replaced by force into collective farms. The immediate result was famine and the death of millions in the countryside.
The affinity for the group can still be seen today in everyday life, in group dating, and physical contact with strangers. Pushing and shoving in crowds bring no hard feelings. In restaurants Russians will not hesitate to join a table with strangers rather than dine alone.
Men kiss men and show affection, women hold hands while strolling. Recreation is often arranged in groups, often with colleagues they work with. They prefer organized sports with set teams. Russians feel free to tell you if you or your child is not dressed warm enough.This site is designed to gather, and provide historical and current information on the Jews From Egypt, one of the most ancient established societies in the world.
We will attempt to cover the period from Joseph Saadia el Fayoumi (Saadia Gaon) to the present day. As you can see, there are thousands more New Testament Greek manuscripts than any other ancient writing.
The internal consistency of the New Testament documents is about % textually pure. comparison, and evaluation of primary source documents. Students will learn what a primary source and first person testimony are and the difference between primary and secondary sources.
comparison, and evaluation of primary source documents. Students will learn what a primary source and first person testimony are and the difference between primary and secondary sources.
How to Write a Comparative Analysis Throughout your academic career, you'll be asked to write papers in which you compare and contrast two things: two texts, two theories, two historical figures, two scientific processes, and so on.
The Compare Documents feature is used to compare two PDFs and highlight the differences. The differences are indicated with markups that can be reviewed easily using the Markups list. There is also a batch version of Compare Documents for comparing groups of PDFs.